The most common side effects of efavirenz include dizziness, difficulty falling asleep, trouble concentrating and. Risk of adverse reactions or loss of virologic response due to drug. Efavirenz replacement by immediate fulldose nevirapine is safe in hiv1infected patients in cambodia. Review side effects, dosage, drug interactions, warnings and.
Currently, efavirenz efv is widely prescribed as part of antiretroviral therapy art. Our findings suggest that a reduced dose of 400 mg efavirenz is noninferior to the standard dose of 600 mg, when combined with tenofovir and emtricitabine during 48 weeks in artnaive adults with hiv1 infection. If you take certain medicines with efavirenz capsules, the amount of efavirenz in your body may be too low and it may not work to help control your hiv infection. Efavirenz does not reduce the risk of transmission of hiv to others through sexual contact or blood contamination. Find information about common, infrequent and rare side effects of efavirenz oral. Efavirenz is used as part of combination therapy for people with hiv. What is the most important information i should know about efavirenz sustiva. Efavirenz efv, sustiva last updated april 16, 2019. Side effects of atripla efavirenz, emtricitabine, and.
Loss of therapeutic effect of concomitant drug or atripla and possible. For more information about side effects see the section, what are the possible side effects of atripla. Efavirenz is associated with neuropsychiatric effects including dizziness, abnormal dreams, insomnia, hallucination and euphoria. Efavirenz and neuropsychiatric effects pdf paperity. Many side effects from hiv medicines, such as nausea or occasional dizziness, are manageable. Yellow, capsuleshaped, filmcoated tablet debossed with teva on one side. Depression, which may be severe suicidal thoughts or attempts rarely aggressive behavior. Incidence of neuropsychiatric side effects of efavirenz in. Dailymed symfi efavirenz, lamivudine and tenofovir. See the aidsinfo fact sheet on hiv medicines and side effects for more information. Sustiva is a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor indicated in combination with other antiretroviral. Information on efavirenz side effects from the ibase side effects guide.
Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic comparison of once. Highlights of prescribing information reported cases. Rashes may be caused by efavirenz lamivudinetenofovir disoproxil fumarate 600mg300 mg300 mg tablets. The pharmacogenetics of efavirenz and its side effects. Efavirenz 600 mg must be taken with other medicines that act against the hiv virus. It is a combination of efavirenz, emtricitabine, and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. Signs include yellow skin or eyes, dark urine, pale stools, general sick feeling or pain on right side below ribs a condition called lactic acidosis. Central nervous system adverse effects with efavirenz. Oct 06, 2014 while one study showed that the neuropsychiatric side effects of efavirenz go away in 10 to 12 weeks, the study stopped at 24 weeks, hardy said. Lower dose efavirenz should be recommended as part of routine care. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about. Nervous system side effects are very common after starting treatment with efavirenz, usually occurring in the first week of treatment. If you take lower doses of efavirenz than what is prescribed, the hiv virus may become resistant to efavirenz.
The following side effects have been associated with the use of efavirenz. The most common side effects of efavirenz include dizziness, difficulty falling asleep, trouble concentrating and rash. Dose optimization of efavirenz based on individual cyp2b6. Before efavirenz is initiated, patients need to be screened for a history of, or a current mental illness, as such patients may be at a higher risk of developing neuropsychiatric side effects. Side effects of sustiva efavirenz, warnings, uses rxlist. Highlights of prescribing information reported cases of. It is usually taken once a day with plenty of water on an empty stomach at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal. However, the side effects present after one year of therapy are not severe and are tolerated by patients. Sustiva efavirenz side effects, images, uses, dosage. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Efavirenz capsules may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how efavirenz capsules work, and may cause serious side effects.
These side effects may include dizziness, confusion, insomnia, somnolence, impaired concentration, andor abnormal dreaming. Gutierrez and colleagues12 showed that patients who discontinued efavirenz were using the mediation for a range of 16 months to 34 months. Taking it on an empty stomach is recommended to lower the chance of sleep related side effects. Proper nutrition management of side effects can help minimize these effects and improve adherence to treatment. The guidelines do not however provide guidance as to how to manage these side effects once they manifest. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. Because efavirenz emtricitabinetenofovir disoproxil fumarate tablets is a fixed dose combination product, the dose of efavirenz cannot be altered. Neuropsychiatric side effects and illicit use of efavirenz.
These include insomnia and bad dreams, thinking problems and poor concentration, memory loss and loss of identity, anxiety and depression, dizziness, and confusion and hallucinations. Some side effects of efavirenz may occur that usually do not need medical attention. Tld is better tolerated with fewer side effects and lower overall incidence of adverse events efavirenz plasma concentrations, which may increase the risk of efavirenz associated side effects. The once daily dose is usually taken at bedtime to minimize the side effects of efavirenz during the day efavirenz can be taken with or without food. Remember that dizziness is a side e f fect that is usually temporary and goes away by itself after a few weeks.
Discuss these unpro v e n strategies with your doctor. Atripla efavirenz, emtricitabine, and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate tablets, for. Sustiva, efavirenz dosing, indications, interactions. Also, efavirenz might influence the effect of other drugs you are taking. Efavirenz may cause central nervous system side effects such as dizziness, impaired. Taking this drug with food results in an increase of efavirenz concentration in the blood and thus lead to the side effects.
Taking efavirenz at bedtime may make certain side effects less bothersome. Jul 18, 2017 efavirenzemtricitabinetenofovir df atripla version july 18, 2017 liver problems. A small number of people may experience the following serious psychiatric problems. Other serious side effects include depression, thoughts of suicide, liver problems, and seizures. Patient information what is the most important information i. Metabolizer diplotype was associated with an increase in efavirenz exposure for both slow and intermediate metabolizers. Our atripla efavirenzemtricitabinetenofovir disoproxil fumarate side effects drug center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication. Side effects and hiv drugs in most cases, side effects of hiv drugs are mild sometimes more serious side effects can occur most common during first 46 weeks you are taking a new hiv medication after your body gets used to new drug, side effects usually get better or go away. Most of arvs have prominent side effects leading to. Feb 18, 2019 some side effects of efavirenz may occur that usually do not need medical attention. When using fixeddose combination fdc tablets, see other drug sections in the. Ultimately, interactions between drugs and food and nutrients.
Highlights of prescribing information nss are frequent nss. If you see any signs of a severe rash with blistering. Efavirenz sustiva summary efavirenz is a type of antihiv drug from a class of drugs commonly called nonnukes. Efavirenz teva, innefavirenz european medicines agency. Sep 09, 2019 for more information about side effects, see what are the possible side effects of symfi. Recommended dosage for efavirenzemtricitabinetenofovir is one tablet at or before bedtime. Advice document efavirenz and neuropsychiatric effects mukesh dhedai, ii ipharmacovigilance centre for public health programmes, national department of health, south africa iischool of health science, university of kwazulunatal, south africa correspondence currently, efavirenz efv is widely prescribed as part of antiretroviral therapy art in south africa, and it is most frequently. Adverse neuropsychiatric events and recreational use of efavirenz. No new or unexpected side effects are observed with the fixed dose combination of efv 600 mgftc 200 mgtdf 300 mg tablet than those observed when each drug is given separately. Review side effects, dosage, drug interactions, warnings and precautions, and pregnancy safety information. Warnings and precautions talk to your doctor before taking efavirenz 600 mg.
Symfi is a prescription medicine that is used without other antiretroviral medicines to treat human immunodeficiency virus1 hiv1 in adults and children weighing at least 88 pounds 40 kg. Because tld is better tolerated and has fewer side effects than tle, treatment adherence and retention should be higher, especially if patients are properly educated and prepared. Doctors find effective hiv drug course free of efavirenz. Atripla is a prescription medicine that contains efavirenz, emtricitabine, and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate combined in 1 tablet. View the patient information with important warnings. Efavirenz api dmfs us drug master file dmf details.
Efavirenz sustiva page 1 of 7 factfact tsheet efavirenz sustiva summary efavirenz is a type of antihiv drug from a class of drugs commonly called nonnukes. Tenofovir, lamivudine, and dolutegravir tld transition. Common side effects of efavirenzemtricitabinetenofovir are tiredness, dizziness, gastrointestinal distress, and skin discoloration. Cyp2b6 rs3745274 and rs28399499 can be combined into the cyp2b6 metabolizer diplotype. Your healthcare provider will test you for hbv before starting treatment with atripla. Babies should not be given infant formula for 2 hours after taking a dose of nervous system symptoms. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Serious side effects of efavirenz include serious mental health problems, liver problems. Taking the pill in the evening, just before bedtime, improves the tolerability of central nervous system side effects. Tell your doctor if you have serious side effects of atripla including. Also, voriconazole significantly increases efavirenz plasma concentrations, which may increase the risk of efavirenz associated side effects. Efavirenz comes as a capsule and as a tablet to take by mouth. Individual side effects vary from person to person dizziness try taking efavirenz at bedtime if dizziness is a problem. What are the possible side effects of efavirenz sustiva.
Efavirenzlamivudinetenofovir whopar part 3 july 2016. Inform patient that redistribution and accumulation of body fat may occur, caus ing central obesity, dorsocervical fat enlargement buffalo hump, peripheral wasting, breast enlargement, and cushingoid appearance. Our sustiva efavirenz side effects drug center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Most of arvs have prominent side effects leading to decline in the quality of. More severe side effects are hallucinations, sleeplessness and depression. Drug information on efavirenz for patients and consumers. Patient information what is the most important information. Pdf on apr 24, 2017, mukesh dheda and others published efavirenz and neuropsychiatric effects find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Atripla is used alone as a complete regimen, or in combination with. Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction hives, difficult breathing, swelling in your face or throat or a severe skin reaction fever, sore throat, burning eyes, skin pain, red or purple skin rash with blistering and peeling. Risk alleles associated with increased efavirenz exposure were evaluated for associations with a broad spectrum of symptoms and side effects. Nov 11, 2019 this is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Avoid administration with a highfat meal, because this has the potential to increase absorption.
Caution patient to use a condom and to avoid sharing needles or donating blood to prevent spreading the aids virus to others. Patient information sustiva efavirenz capsules sustiva. While one study showed that the neuropsychiatric side effects of efavirenz go away in 10 to 12 weeks, the study stopped at 24 weeks, hardy said. Identification of the substancemixture and of the companyundertaking product name. What efavirenz is and what it is used for efavirenz contains the active substance efavirenz, which belongs to a class of antiretroviral medicines called nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors nnrtis. Find patient medical information for efavirenz oral on webmd including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. These side effects may start in the first 1 or 2 days of treatment and usually go away after the first 2 to 4 weeks. Certain drugs can increase or decrease the effect of efavirenz. To learn more about possible side effects of efavirenz, read the drug label or package insert or talk to your health care provider or pharmacist. These side effects are more pronounced in the first 12 weeks of treatment.
All medications carry some risk of complications and adverse reactions, but it is up to the drug manufacturer to test their products and warn consumers about potential side effects. The reason why dolutegravir was superior to efavirenz was because of fewer switches if we stay with efavirenz but ensure those who develop severe or persistent cns side effects are switched from efavirenz to rilpivirine this should result in similar virological outcomes to a dolutegravir regimen. Efavirenz is used in combination with other drugs at a. Other side effects are amnesia, hallucinations, euphoria, or psychosis. Because atripla is a fixeddose combination product, the dose of efavirenz cannot be altered. Adverse effects and treatment strategies during long term art. Neuropsychological side effects of efavirenz annals of.
Side effects of the hiv medication atripla generic. Dec 10, 2019 efavirenz capsules may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how efavirenz capsules work, and may cause serious side effects. Advise patient that the longterm effects of efavirenz are unknownatthistime. Side effects of medications can affect food intake and nutrient absorption and can also reduce adherence to medications. It is a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor nnrti and works by blocking the function of reverse transcriptase. List of drug master files dmf of efavirenz active pharmaceutical ingredient api submitted to the u.
Unfortunately, atripla can cause serious side effects, some of which are at the heart of ongoing litigation. Nov 11, 2019 our sustiva efavirenz side effects drug center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication. Results of the encore1 study l dickinson, 1 j amin, 2 l else, 1 m boffito, 3 d egan, 1 a owen, 1 s khoo, 1 d back, 1 c orrell, 4 a clarke, 5 m losso, 6 p phanuphak, 5 d carey, 2 da cooper, 2 s. Efavirenz and neuropsychiatric effects southern african hiv. These are not all the possible side effects of efavirenz.
Efavirenz was approved for medical use in the united states in 1998. Pdf documents can be viewed with the free adobe reader. You can report side effects to fda at 1800fda1088 18003321088 or online. May 03, 2019 these are not all the possible side effects of efavirenz. See the aids info fact sheet on hiv medicines and side effects for more information. Occasionally patients report disabling side effects which persist beyond this induction period, necessitating switching from efavirenz. Adverse events related to the study drug were more frequent with 600 mg efavirenz than with 400 mg. Patient information to learn the right way to take sustiva using the capsule sprinkle method. Some of the most bothersome are neurologic or psychological problems. Efavirenz tablets 200 mg is indicated for the treatment of hiv1 infection in.628 156 241 68 285 1180 442 154 400 229 1276 1004 1222 970 1604 735 419 148 1513 860 654 1616 1461 1336 981 1506 590 1282 1457 216 1125 66 107 642 774 58 1205 1411 1119 480 1370 946